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Then divide that figure from the estimated useful life of the asset. The straight-line depreciation method is a common way to measure the depreciation of a fixed asset over time. The method can help you predict your expenses, know when it’s time for a new investment and prepare for tax season. Continue reading to learn how to calculate straight-line depreciation and determine the value of your assets. Since double-declining-balance depreciation does not always depreciate an asset fully by its end of life, some methods also compute a straight-line depreciation each year, and apply the greater of the two. This has the effect of converting from declining-balance depreciation to straight-line depreciation at a midpoint in the asset’s life.

During the year, you bought a machine (7-year property) for \$4,000, office furniture (7-year property) for \$1,000, and a computer (5-year property) for \$5,000. You placed the machine in service in January, the furniture in September, and the computer in October. You do not elect a section 179 deduction and none of these items is qualified property for purposes of claiming a special depreciation allowance. You refer to the MACRS Percentage Table Guide in Appendix A and find that you should use Table A-7a. March is the third month of your tax year, so multiply the building’s unadjusted basis, \$100,000, by the percentages for the third month in Table A-7a.

## How the straight-line method of depreciation works

Treat the carryover basis and excess basis, if any, for the acquired property as if placed in service the later of the date you acquired it or the time of the disposition of the exchanged or involuntarily converted property. The depreciable basis of the new property is the adjusted basis of the exchanged or involuntarily converted property plus any additional amount you https://intuit-payroll.org/6-tax-tips-for-startups/ paid for it. The election, if made, applies to both the acquired property and the exchanged or involuntarily converted property. This election does not affect the amount of gain or loss recognized on the exchange or involuntary conversion. You also generally continue to use the longer recovery period and less accelerated depreciation method of the acquired property.

However, you can choose to depreciate certain intangible property under the income forecast method (discussed later). For more information on the records you must keep for listed property, such as a car, see What Records Must Be Kept? For tax years beginning in 2023, the maximum section 179 expense deduction is \$1,160,000. For tax years beginning in 2022, the maximum section 179 expense deduction is \$1,080,000. There are good reasons for using both of these methods, and the right one depends on the asset type in question. The straight-line depreciation method is the easiest to use, so it makes for simplified accounting calculations.

## • Section 179 Deduction • Special Depreciation Allowance • MACRS • Listed Property

If this convention applies, the depreciation you can deduct for the first year that you depreciate the property depends on the month in which you place the property in service. Figure your depreciation deduction for the year you place the property in service by multiplying the depreciation for a full year by a fraction. The numerator of the Accounting for Startups: A Beginner’s Guide fraction is the number of full months in the year that the property is in service plus ½ (or 0.5). You figure depreciation for all other years (including the year you switch from the declining balance method to the straight line method) as follows. In July 2022, the property was vandalized and they had a deductible casualty loss of \$3,000.

• Accountants like the straight line method because it is easy to use.
• For each GAA, record the depreciation allowance in a separate depreciation reserve account.
• The business-use requirement generally does not apply to any listed property leased or held for leasing by anyone regularly engaged in the business of leasing listed property.
• This information includes the property’s recovery class, placed in service date, and basis, as well as the applicable recovery period, convention, and depreciation method.
• The straight-line depreciation method is the easiest to use, so it makes for simplified accounting calculations.
• For purposes of the half-year convention, it has a short tax year of 10 months, ending on December 31, 2022.

You divide the \$5,100 basis by 17 years to get your \$300 yearly depreciation deduction. You only used the patent for 9 months during the first year, so you multiply \$300 by 9/12 to get your deduction of \$225 for the first year. This method lets you deduct the same amount of depreciation each year over the useful life of the property.